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Ultrafast Excitation Energy Dynamics in a Diatom Photosystem I-Antenna Complex: A Femtosecond Fluorescence Upconversion Study

Nagao, Ryo, Kagatani, Kohei, Ueno, Yoshifumi, Shen, Jian-Ren, Akimoto, Seiji
TheJournal of physical chemistry 2019 v.123 no.12 pp. 2673-2678
Bacillariophyceae, Chaetoceros gracilis, carotenoids, chlorophyll, energy transfer, fluorescence, fluorescence emission spectroscopy, photosystem I, proteins
Fucoxanthin chlorophyll (Chl) a/c-binding proteins (FCPs) are unique light-harvesting antennas in diatoms. Recent time-resolved fluorescence analysis of photosystem I with FCP associated (PSI–FCPI) has mainly shown excitation energy transfer among Chls a from FCPI to PSI in tens of picoseconds. However, it remains unclear how each pigment, especially carotenoids and Chl c, in the FCPI is functionally related to the energy transfer in a femtosecond time range. Here, we reveal ultrafast excitation energy transfer mechanism in the PSI–FCPI preparations isolated from a diatom, Chaetoceros gracilis, by means of femtosecond time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy with an upconversion system. Compared with the fluorescence lifetime components of PSI core-like complexes, the energy transfer of Chl c → Chl a in the FCPI was observed within hundreds of femtoseconds, and the energy in the FCPI was transferred to PSI in ∼2 ps. The comparative fluorescence analyses provide physical insights into the energy transfer machinery within FCPI and from FCPI to PSI.