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Effects of various LED light spectra on circadian rhythm during starvation in the olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus)

Choi, Cheol Young, Kim, Tae Hwan, Oh, Young-Hwan, Min, Tae-Sun, Choi, Ji Yong, Song, Jin Ah
Biological rhythm research 2019 v.50 no.3 pp. 355-365
Paralichthys olivaceus, acetyltransferases, aquaculture, circadian rhythm, cryptochromes, flounder, genes, light intensity, serotonin, starvation, wavelengths
In aquaculture, feeding is essential for the maintenance of metabolic processes and homoeostasis of fish. However, fasting acts as a stressor. In this study, we investigated the effect of circadian rhythm under various LED wavelengths [blue (460 nm), green (520 nm) and red (630 nm)] and two light intensities (0.3 and 0.6 W m⁻²) over a 9-days period in the olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). We analysed clock genes like period 2 (Per 2) and cryptochrome 1 (Cry 1), and serotonin and arylalkylamine-N-acetyltransferase 2 (AANAT 2), which control circadian rhythms. Per 2, Cry 1, serotonin and AANAT 2 were significantly decreased during the starvation period compared to the normal feeding group. Nevertheless, their levels increased in the groups exposed to green- and blue LED light during the experimental period. These results confirmed that green and blue wavelengths are effective in maintaining the circadian rhythm in olive flounder.