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Circadian rhythms of melatonin in haemolymph and optic lobes of Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) and Chinese grass shrimp (Palaemonetes sinensis)

Han, Zhibin, Li, Xiaodong, Li, Xin, Xu, Weibin, Li, Yingdong
Biological rhythm research 2019 v.50 no.3 pp. 400-407
Eriocheir sinensis, Palaemonetes, circadian rhythm, hemolymph, high performance liquid chromatography, melatonin, physiological state
This study is the first to examine the circadian rhythms of melatonin in Eriocheir sinensis and Palaemonetes sinensis, two economically important crustaceans. We collected haemolymph and optic lobes from both species every 4 h over a whole day cycle. Melatonin content was measured with high-performance liquid chromatography. E. sinensis haemolymph exhibited significant (p < 0.05) peaks in melatonin at 16:00 (0.180 ± 0.020 μg·mL⁻¹) and 24:00 (0.244 ± 0.055 μg·mL⁻¹), while eyestalks had significant peaks at 16:00 (72.377 ± 18.100 μg·eyestalk⁻¹) and 24:00 (98.756 ± 30.271 μg·eyestalk⁻¹). In P. sinensis, melatonin peaked significantly only at 16:00 in optic lobes (12.493 ± 1.475 μg·eyestalk⁻¹) (p < 0.05); no significant peaks were present in haemolymph. Thus, both E. sinensis and P. sinensis exhibit species-specific melatonin rhythms. Time of day should therefore be considered when examining the physiological status of both crustaceans, given the potential influence of fluctuating daily melatonin concentrations.