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Nitrogen and sulfur co-doped cobalt carbon catalysts for ethylbenzene oxidation with synergistically enhanced performance
- Chen, Sheng, Wu, Yujie, Jie, Shanshan, Au, Chak Tong, Liu, Zhigang
- RSC advances 2019 v.9 no.17 pp. 9462-9467
- Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, acetates, acetophenones, carbon, catalysts, catalytic activity, cobalt, cobalt sulfide, ethylbenzene, hot water treatment, melamine, nitrogen, oxidation, oxygen, scanning electron microscopy, sulfur, synergism, transmission electron microscopy
- Heteroatom doping has been demonstrated to be an effective strategy for improving the performance of catalysts. In this paper, cobalt carbon catalysts co-doped with nitrogen and sulfur (N and S) were synthesized through a hydrothermal method with chelate composites involving melamine, thioglycolic acid (C₂H₄O₂S), and tetrahydrate cobalt acetate (Co(OAc)₂·4H₂O). In addition, the selective oxidation of ethylbenzene under solvent-free conditions with molecular oxygen was used as a probe reaction to evaluate the activity of the catalysts. The optimized catalyst shows an ethylbenzene conversion of 48% with an acetophenone selectivity of 85%. Furthermore, the catalysts were systematically characterized by techniques such as TEM, SEM, XRD, Raman, and XPS. The results reveal that the species of cobalt sulfides and synergistic effects between N and S has inserted a key influence on their catalytic performance.