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Nitrogen and sulfur co-doped cobalt carbon catalysts for ethylbenzene oxidation with synergistically enhanced performance

Chen, Sheng, Wu, Yujie, Jie, Shanshan, Au, Chak Tong, Liu, Zhigang
RSC advances 2019 v.9 no.17 pp. 9462-9467
Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, acetates, acetophenones, carbon, catalysts, catalytic activity, cobalt, cobalt sulfide, ethylbenzene, hot water treatment, melamine, nitrogen, oxidation, oxygen, scanning electron microscopy, sulfur, synergism, transmission electron microscopy
Heteroatom doping has been demonstrated to be an effective strategy for improving the performance of catalysts. In this paper, cobalt carbon catalysts co-doped with nitrogen and sulfur (N and S) were synthesized through a hydrothermal method with chelate composites involving melamine, thioglycolic acid (C₂H₄O₂S), and tetrahydrate cobalt acetate (Co(OAc)₂·4H₂O). In addition, the selective oxidation of ethylbenzene under solvent-free conditions with molecular oxygen was used as a probe reaction to evaluate the activity of the catalysts. The optimized catalyst shows an ethylbenzene conversion of 48% with an acetophenone selectivity of 85%. Furthermore, the catalysts were systematically characterized by techniques such as TEM, SEM, XRD, Raman, and XPS. The results reveal that the species of cobalt sulfides and synergistic effects between N and S has inserted a key influence on their catalytic performance.