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Porous carbon derived from metal–organic framework@graphene quantum dots as electrode materials for supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries

Yu, Hui, Zhu, Wenjian, Zhou, Hu, Liu, Jianfeng, Yang, Zhen, Hu, Xiaocai, Yuan, Aihua
RSC advances 2019 v.9 no.17 pp. 9577-9583
anodes, capacitance, coordination polymers, electrochemistry, graphene, lithium batteries, quantum dots, surface area, synergism
The C@GQD composite was prepared by the combination of metal–organic framework (ZIF-8)-derived porous carbon and graphene quantum dots (GQDs) by a simple method. The resulting composite has a high specific surface area of 668 m² g⁻¹ and involves numerous micro- and mesopores. As a supercapacitor electrode, the material showed an excellent double-layer capacitance and a high capacity retention of 130 F g⁻¹ at 2 A g⁻¹. The excellent long-term stability was observed even after ∼10 000 charge–discharge cycles. Moreover, the composite as an anode material for a lithium-ion battery exhibited a good reversible capacity and outstanding cycle stability (493 mA h g⁻¹ at 100 mA g⁻¹ after 200 cycles). The synergistic effect of a MOF-derived porous carbon and GQDs was responsible for the improvement of electrochemical properties.