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Long-Term Monokaryotic Cultures of Pleurotus ostreatus var. florida Produce High and Stable Laccase Activity Capable to Degrade ß-Carotene

Linke, Diana, Omarini, Alejandra B., Takenberg, Meike, Kelle, Sebastian, Berger, Ralf G.
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 2019 v.187 no.3 pp. 894-912
Pleurotus ostreatus, amino acids, bleaching, crossing, enzyme activity, genes, heterologous gene expression, hybrids, intraspecific variation, laccase, pH
An extracellular laccase (Lacc10) was discovered in submerged cultures of Pleurotus ostreatus var. florida bleaching ß-carotene effectively without the addition of a mediator (650 mU/L, pH 4). Heterologous expression in P. pastoris confirmed the activity and structural analyses revealed a carotenoid-binding domain, which formed the substrate-binding pocket and is reported here for the first time. In order to increase activity, 106 basidiospore-derived monokaryons and crosses of compatible progenies were generated. These showed high intraspecific variability in growth rate and enzyme formation. Seventy-two homokaryons exhibited a higher activity-to-growth-rate-relation than the parental dikaryon, and one isolate produced a very high activity (1800 mU/L), while most of the dikaryotic hybrids showed lower activity. The analysis of the laccase gene of the monokaryons revealed two sequences differing in three amino acids, but the primary sequences gave no clue for the diversity of activity. The enzyme production in submerged cultures of monokaryons was stable over seven sub-cultivation cycles.