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Reactive Blue 4 as a Single Colorimetric Chemosensor for Sequential Determination of Multiple Analytes with Different Optical Responses in Aqueous Media: Cu2+-Cysteine Using a Metal Ion Displacement and Cu2+-Arginine Through the Host-Guest Interaction

Tavallali, Hossein, Deilamy-Rad, Gohar, Mosallanejad, Narges
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 2019 v.187 no.3 pp. 913-937
absorbance, arginine, color, colorimetry, copper, cysteine, detection limit, pH
In the current study, we reported a novel label-free and facile colorimetric approach for the sequential detection of copper ion (Cu²⁺), L-arginine (Arg), and L-cysteine (Cys) in the H₂O (10.0 mmol L⁻¹ HEPES buffer solution, pH 7.0) using Reactive Blue 4 (RB4). First, the presence of Cu²⁺ led to a naked-eye color and spectral changes according to the binding site-signaling subunit approach. Then, the RB4-Cu²⁺ complex was successfully applied for Cys and Arg through different recognition pathways. The optical signals for Arg were observed due to its association involving the amino group, as well as the participation of the carboxylate group in a bidentate form to the complex, while selective behavior for Cys was explained by a metal displacement mechanism. The limits of detection for Cu²⁺, Arg, and Cys were calculated to be 1.96, 1.06, and 1.33 μmol L⁻¹, respectively. It could also be employed for the determination of three analytes in environmental, biological, and pharmaceutical samples. Importantly, the test strips based on RB4-Cu²⁺ complex could be used as a solid-state sensor for the detection of Cys and Arg. In addition, NAND and IMPLICATION molecular logic gates were obtained by using chemical inputs and UV-Vis absorbance signal as the output. Graphical Abstract