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Comparative Biochemical Analysis of Cellulosomes Isolated from Clostridium clariflavum DSM 19732 and Clostridium thermocellum ATCC 27405 Grown on Plant Biomass

Shinoda, Suguru, Kurosaki, Masahiro, Kokuzawa, Takaaki, Hirano, Katsuaki, Takano, Hatsumi, Ueda, Kenji, Haruki, Mitsuru, Hirano, Nobutaka
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 2019 v.187 no.3 pp. 994-1010
Clostridium thermocellum, anaerobes, bacteria, cellulosome, enzyme activity, gel chromatography, phytomass, proteins, rice straw, saccharification, sugars, xylan, xylanases
The cellulosome is a supramolecular multienzyme complex formed via species-specific interactions between the cohesin modules of scaffoldin proteins and the dockerin modules of a wide variety of polysaccharide-degrading enzymes. Here, we report a comparative analysis of cellulosomes prepared from the thermophilic anaerobic bacteria Clostridium (Ruminiclostridium) clariflavum DSM 19732 and Clostridium (Ruminiclostridium) thermocellum ATCC 27405 grown on delignified rice straw. The results indicate that the isolated C. clariflavum cellulosome exhibits lower activity for insoluble cellulosic substrates and higher activity for hemicellulosic substrates, especially for xylan, compared to the isolated C. thermocellum cellulosome. The C. clariflavum cellulosome was separated into large and small complexes by size exclusion chromatography, and the high xylanase activity of the intact complex is mainly attributed to the small complex. Furthermore, both C. clariflavum and C. thermocellum cellulosomes efficiently converted delignified rice straw into soluble sugars with different compositions, whereas a mixture of these cellulosomes exhibited essentially no synergy for the saccharification of delignified rice straw. This is the first study to report that isolated C. clariflavum cellulosomes exhibit greater xylanase activity than isolated C. thermocellum cellulosomes. We also report the effect of a combination of intact cellulosome complexes isolated from different species on the saccharification of plant biomass.