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Identifying a Long QTL Cluster Across chrLG18 Associated with Salt Tolerance in Tilapia Using GWAS and QTL-seq
- Jiang, Dan Li, Gu, Xiao Hui, Li, Bi Jun, Zhu, Zong Xian, Qin, Hui, Meng, Zi ning, Lin, Hao Ran, Xia, Jun Hong
- Marine biotechnology 2019 v.21 no.2 pp. 250-261
- Oreochromis niloticus, genes, genome-wide association study, marker-assisted selection, osmoregulation, quantitative trait loci, salt tolerance, Malaysia
- Understanding the genetic mechanism of osmoregulation is important for the improvement of salt tolerance in tilapia. In our previous study, we have identified a major quantitative trait locus (QTL) region located at 23.0 Mb of chrLG18 in a Nile tilapia line by QTL-seq. However, the conservation of these QTLs in other tilapia populations or species is not clear. In this study, we successfully investigated the QTLs associated with salt tolerance in a mass cross population from the GIFT line of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) using a ddRAD-seq-based genome-wide association study (GWAS) and in a full-sib family from the Malaysia red tilapia strain (Oreochromis spp) using QTL-seq. Our study confirmed the major QTL interval that is located at nearly 23.0 Mb of chrLG18 in Nile tilapia and revealed a long QTL cluster across chrLG18 controlling for the salt-tolerant trait in both red tilapia and Nile tilapia. This is the first GWAS analysis on salt tolerance in tilapia. Our finding provides important insights into the genetic architecture of salinity tolerance in tilapia and supplies a basis for fine mapping QTLs, marker-assisted selection, and further detailed functional analysis of the underlying genes for salt tolerance in tilapia.