Main content area

A new insight into the dynamics of fibre migration in ring spinning

Singh, Charanpreet, Gordon, Stuart, Zhang, Shangyong, Wang, Xungai
The journal of the Textile Institute 2019 v.110 no.4 pp. 552-561
fabrics, geometry, image analysis, spinning, yarns
Fibre migration in yarns is thought to take place in the spinning triangle (ST), where high tensioned edge fibres tend to compete for a low tension state by displacing inner fibres outwards to occupy the core position – the tension mechanism. The angular alignment of fibres in the drafted roving – the geometric mechanism – is also considered to contribute to this movement. Although there is an understanding of the mechanisms of fibre migration, the outward movement of core fibres, from a low to high tension state and through a thick web of gripped fibres – moving inwards – has not been fully understood. In this study, we have attempted to reanalyse the classical migration mechanism from a new perspective and establish its relationship with a real ST using a new reflective imaging technique. The study findings suggest that pre-twist region in the ST, which is generally considered to be stable at one location, shows a rather dynamic oscillatory movement – a result of continuous change in ST tension profile. Spinning trials were conducted to confirm a relationship between pre-twist movement and degree of fibre migration.