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Discovery and characterization of a novel C-terminal peptide carboxyl methyltransferase in a lassomycin-like lasso peptide biosynthetic pathway

Su, Yu, Han, Meng, Meng, Xianbin, Feng, Yue, Luo, Shizhong, Yu, Changyuan, Zheng, Guojun, Zhu, Shaozhou
Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2019 v.103 no.6 pp. 2649-2664
acetylation, biochemical pathways, biosynthesis, methylation, methyltransferases, peptides, post-translational modification
Lasso peptides belong to a peculiar family of ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs)—natural products with an unusual isopeptide-bonded slipknot structure. Except for assembling of this unusual lasso fold, several further post-translational modifications of lasso peptides, including C-terminal methylation, phosphorylation/poly-phosphorylation, citrullination, and acetylation, have been reported recently. However, most of their biosynthetic logic have not been elucidated except the phosphorylated paeninodin lasso peptide. Herein, we identified two novel lassomycin-like lasso peptide biosynthetic pathways and, for the first time, characterized a novel C-terminal peptide carboxyl methyltransferase involved in these pathways. Our investigations revealed that this new family of methyltransferase could specifically methylate the C terminus of precursor peptide substrates, eventually leading to lassomycin-like C-terminal methylated lasso peptides. Our studies offer another rare insight into the extraordinary strategies of chemical diversification adopted by lasso peptide biosynthetic machinery and predicated two valuable sources for methylated lasso peptide discovery.