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Endogenous phytohormone profile during oat (Avena sativa L.) haploid embryo development

Dziurka, Kinga, Dziurka, Michał, Warchoł, Marzena, Czyczyło-Mysza, Ilona, Marcińska, Izabela, Noga, Angelika, Kapłoniak, Kamila, Skrzypek, Edyta
In vitro cellular & developmental biology 2019 v.55 no.2 pp. 221-229
Avena sativa, Zea mays, crossing, embryogenesis, germination, gibberellic acid, haploidy, hormones, in vitro studies, indole acetic acid, kinetin, mechanism of action, oats, soil, spectrometers, ultra-performance liquid chromatography
The development of embryos requires interaction of many endogenous hormones. The aim of the study was to determine which endogenous phytohormones are involved in the process of oat (Avena sativa L.) haploidization. Oat haploids were obtained by wide crossing with Zea mays L. The hormonal profiles of the ovaries with (OE) and without developed embryo (OWE) were compared. Phytohormone contents were measured by UHPLC coupled with mass spectrometer. The total content of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), trans-zeatin (tZ), and kinetin (KN) in OE was significantly higher than in OWE. 4-Chloroindole-3-acetic acid was detected only in OWE. There were no differences between OE and OWE in the content of gibberellins (GA₁, GA₃, GA₄, GA₆, GA₇) and stress hormones (abscisic, salicylic, jasmonic acids). Content of endogenous KN was highly negatively correlated with the percentage of haploid embryos, germinated haploid embryos, haploid plants on MS (in vitro), haploid plants in soil (ex vitro), and doubled haploid lines. The tZ content negatively correlated with the frequency of haploid embryo formation, germination, and haploid plants obtained in vitro, as opposed to GA₁, which correlated positively. A positive correlation was found between IAA and tZ in OE, whereas in OWE it was a negative correlation. The profiles of phytohormones in OE and OWE were determined; however, their mode of action needs to be clarified.