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Efficient Micro/Nanoparticle Concentration using Direct Current-Induced Thermal Buoyancy Convection for Multiple Liquid Media
- Zhang, Kailiang, Ren, Yukun, Tao, Ye, Liu, Weiyu, Jiang, Tianyi, Jiang, Hongyuan
- Analytical chemistry 2019 v.91 no.7 pp. 4457-4465
- convection, copper, copper nanoparticles, electric potential difference, electrochemistry, electrodes, equipment, glass, heating systems, indium, liquids, microbeads, oils, polystyrenes, silica, tin, yeasts
- Thermal-based microparticle focusing has recently received increasing attention due to its noninvasive nature and simple manipulation mechanism. However, its further application is limited by current complicated fluid heating systems and low particle focusing velocity. Using simple indium tin oxide-made microheaters, herein we propose a flexible and novel approach for efficient particle focusing based on direct current-induced thermal buoyancy convection. Importantly, for avoiding possible electrochemical reactions on the electrode, the microheaters are isolated from the granular fluids of interest by a thin glass slide. The concentration performance of the designed chip was first demonstrated by statically focusing 4-μm silica particles, yeast cells, silica particles in insulating buffer, and 100-nm copper microspheres. Also the trapping of a mixture of 5-μm and 2-μm polystyrene microbeads indicated that the chip can either simultaneously concentrate two kinds of particles or selectively focus the heavier ones by adjusting the voltages. Then the different concentration patterns of microbeads exhibited that the microspheres can be flexibly manipulated by changing the configurations of microheaters. Furthermore, for the first time, we achieved thermal-based continuous particle focusing in both conducting and insulating solutions using buoyancy convection, demonstrating that this method can be utilized to achieve both static and continuous particle manipulations in multiple liquid media. Finally, the feasibility of this device in effective wear measurement of machines was demonstrated by conducting systematic experiments of focusing nanocopper particles in the hydraulic oil. Therefore, this presented approach would be promising for a broad range of on-chip applications.