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Ultrasensitive Electrochemical Biosensor Developed by Probe Lengthening for Detection of Genomic DNA in Human Serum

Chen, Jin-Yuan, Liu, Zhou-Jie, Wang, Xue-Wen, Ye, Chen-Liu, Zheng, Yan-Jie, Peng, Hua-Ping, Zhong, Guang-Xian, Liu, Ai-Lin, Chen, Wei, Lin, Xin-Hua
Analytical chemistry 2019 v.91 no.7 pp. 4552-4558
DNA, biosensors, biotin, blood serum, bovine serum albumin, detection limit, electrochemistry, electrodes, genetic disorders, gold, ligases, thiols, viruses
As an alternative to most of the reported nucleic acid amplification-based electrochemical DNA biosensors used for detection of trace levels of genomic DNA, we herein present a novel detection concept. The proposed system involves the conversion of two short double-stranded DNAs (dsDNAs), labeled with a thiol-tag or biotin-tag, into a single integrated dsDNA containing thiol and biotin at both terminals in the presence of target DNA through ligase chain reaction (LCR) and followed by the immobilization of these integrated dsDNAs on a bovine serum albumin (BSA)-modified gold electrode surface. Owing to rapid depletion of the two short dsDNAs via LCR, the integrated dsDNAs were generated in an exponential manner so that this sensoring approach offered a limit of detection of 25 yoctomoles (15 copies in 50 μL sample volumes), a high discrimination of single-base mismatch and a wide linear concentration range (across 6 orders of magnitude) for target DNA. Significantly, the proposed sensor, which has simplicity in operation and ease of miniaturization, detected the target of interest in total nucleic acid extracts derived from clinical serum samples with excellent results, thereby demonstrating its considerable diagnostic potential in fields ranging from virus detection to the diagnosis of genetic diseases.