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Conductive Polymer Coated Scaffold to Integrate 3D Cell Culture with Electrochemical Sensing
- Zhang, Hai-Wei, Hu, Xue-Bo, Qin, Yu, Jin, Zi-He, Zhang, Xin-Wei, Liu, Yan-Ling, Huang, Wei-Hua
- Analytical chemistry 2019 v.91 no.7 pp. 4838-4844
- antineoplastic agents, biocompatibility, cell culture, coatings, electrochemistry, monitoring, nanoparticles, neoplasm cells, neoplasms, platinum, polydimethylsiloxane, sensors (equipment)
- Remarkable progresses have been made in electrochemical monitoring of living cells based on one-dimensional (1D) or two-dimensional (2D) sensors, but the cells cultured on 2D substrate under these circumstances are departed from their three-dimensional (3D) microenvironments in vivo. Significant advances have been made in developing 3D culture scaffolds to simulate the 3D microenvironment yet most of them are insulated, which greatly restricts their application in electrochemical sensing. Herein, we propose a versatile strategy to endow 3D insulated culture scaffolds with electrochemical performance while granting their biocompatibility through conductive polymer coating. More specifically, 3D polydimethylsiloxane scaffold is uniformly coated by poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) and further modified by platinum nanoparticles. The integrated 3D device demonstrates desirable biocompatibility for long-term 3D cell culture and excellent electrocatalytic ability for electrochemical sensing. This allows real-time monitoring of reactive oxygen species release from cancer cells induced by a novel potential anticancer drug and reveals its promising application in cancer treatment. This work provides a new idea to construct 3D multifunctional electrochemical sensors, which will be of great significance for physiological and pathological research.