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Time course study on accumulation of cell wall-bound phenolics and activities of defense enzymes in tomato roots in relation to Fusarium wilt

Mandal, Sudhamoy, Mitra, Adinpunya, Mallick, Nirupama
World journal of microbiology & biotechnology 2009 v.25 no.5 pp. 795-802
4-hydroxybenzoic acid, Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium wilt, Solanum lycopersicum var. lycopersicum, antifungal properties, cell walls, developmental stages, ferulic acid, hydrolysis, pathogens, peroxidase, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, plant growth, roots, tomatoes, vanillic acid
Major cell wall-bound phenolic compounds were detected and identified in roots of tomato at different stages of growth. Alkaline hydrolysis of the cell wall material of the root tissues yielded ferulic acid as the major bulk of the phenolic compounds. Other phenolic compounds identified were 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, vanillic acid, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde, vanillin and 4-coumaric acid. All the six phenolic acids were higher in very early stage of plant growth. Ferulic acid, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid and 4-coumaric acid exhibited a decreasing trend up to 60 days and then the content of these phenolic acids increased somewhat steadily towards the later stage of growth. Total phenolics, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) activity and peroxidase (POD) activity were in tandem match with the occurrence pattern of the phenolic acids. Ferulic acid showed highest antifungal activity against tomato wilt pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici. The results of this study may be interpreted to seek an explanation for high susceptibility of tomato plants at flowering stage to Fusarium wilt. It may also be concluded that greater amounts of ferulic acid in combination with other phenolics and higher level of PAL and POD activities after 60 days of growth may have a role in imparting resistance against Fusarium wilt at a late stage of plant growth.