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Chemosensory characteristics of regional Vidal icewines from China and Canada

Huang, Ling, Ma, Yue, Tian, Xin, Li, Ji-ming, Li, Lan-xiao, Tang, Ke, Xu, Yan
Food chemistry 2018 v.261 pp. 66-74
acetates, chemical composition, dessert wines, discriminant analysis, flavor, honey, lactones, least squares, odors, phenylethyl alcohol, sensory evaluation, terpenoids, Canada, China
This work aimed to compare the flavor characteristics of Vidal icewines from China and Canada and to establish relationships between sensory descriptors and chemical composition. Descriptive analysis was performed with a trained panel to obtain the sensory profiles. Thirty important aroma-active compounds were quantified by four different methodologies. Partial least squares discriminant analysis was used to identify candidate compounds, which were unique to certain sensory descriptors. The sensory profiles of icewines from China were characterized by nut and honey aromas, while icewines from Canada expressed caramel and rose aromas. Nut and honey aromas had a close correlation with 1-hexanol, isoamyl acetate, phenethyl acetate and phenylethyl alcohol. Caramel aroma was correlated with ethyl esters and lactones and rose aroma was correlated with terpenes.