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Selected-ion flow-tube mass-spectrometry (SIFT-MS) fingerprinting versus chemical profiling for geographic traceability of Moroccan Argan oils

Kharbach, Mourad, Kamal, Rabie, Mansouri, Mohammed Alaoui, Marmouzi, Ilias, Viaene, Johan, Cherrah, Yahia, Alaoui, Katim, Vercammen, Joeri, Bouklouze, Abdelaziz, Vander Heyden, Yvan
Food chemistry 2018 v.263 pp. 8-17
acidity, biomarkers, discriminant analysis, fatty acids, forests, ionization, least squares, mass spectrometry, models, oils, peroxide value, provenance, sterols, support vector machines, traceability
This study investigated the effectiveness of SIFT-MS versus chemical profiling, both coupled to multivariate data analysis, to classify 95 Extra Virgin Argan Oils (EVAO), originating from five Moroccan Argan forest locations. The full scan option of SIFT-MS, is suitable to indicate the geographic origin of EVAO based on the fingerprints obtained using the three chemical ionization precursors (H3O+, NO+ and O2+). The chemical profiling (including acidity, peroxide value, spectrophotometric indices, fatty acids, tocopherols- and sterols composition) was also used for classification. Partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), soft independent modeling of class analogy (SIMCA), K-nearest neighbors (KNN), and support vector machines (SVM), were compared. The SIFT-MS data were therefore fed to variable-selection methods to find potential biomarkers for classification. The classification models based either on chemical profiling or SIFT-MS data were able to classify the samples with high accuracy.SIFT-MS was found to be advantageous for rapid geographic classification.