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Effects of ZnSO4 and Zn‐EDTA applied by broadcasting or by banding on soil Zn fractions and Zn uptake by wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under greenhouse conditions
- Zhao, Aiqing, Yang, Shu, Wang, Bini, Tian, Xiaohong
- Zeitschrift für Pflanzenernährung und Bodenkunde 2019 v.182 no.2 pp. 307-317
- Triticum aestivum, application rate, biofortification, fertilizers, greenhouse production, humans, malnutrition, organic matter, soil, staple crops, wheat, zinc, zinc sulfate
- Zinc biofortification of staple food crops is essential for alleviating worldwide human malnutrition. Agronomic interventions to promote this should include fertilizer selection and management. A chelated Zn source, Zn‐EDTA, and an inorganic Zn source, ZnSO₄ × 7 H₂O, were applied either by banding or by broadcasting in soil, and Zn fractions in soil and Zn uptake by wheat were determined in a pot experiment. Compared to ZnSO₄ × 7 H₂O, Zn‐EDTA produced higher Zn concentration in grain regardless of application method and even at a lower application rate. Residual Zn fraction was the largest Zn fraction with both ZnSO₄ and Zn‐EDTA amendment. ZnSO₄ banded in soil caused Zn fractions to be restricted to the Zn‐amended soil band and resulted in lower grain Zn concentrations than did broadcast ZnSO₄. Planting wheat slowed Zn fixation by promoting the maintenance of a high concentration of Zn fraction loosely bound to organic matter (LOM‐Zn) in soil. Zn‐EDTA was a better Zn source for Zn biofortification of wheat than was ZnSO₄.