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X-ray driven reduction of Cpd I of Catalase-3 from N. crassa reveals differential sensitivity of active sites and formation of ferrous state

Zárate-Romero, Andrés, Stojanoff, Vivian, Cohen, Aina E., Hansberg, Wilhelm, Rudiño-Piñera, Enrique
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics 2019 v.666 pp. 107-115
Neurospora crassa, X-radiation, active sites, bioremediation, catalase, crystals, data collection, food technology, hydrogen peroxide, medicine, oxidation
Catalases are biotechnologically relevant enzymes because of their applications in food technology, bioremediation, and biomedicine. The dismutation of hydrogen peroxide occurs in two steps; in the first one, the enzyme forms an oxidized compound I (Cpd I) and in the second one, the enzyme is reduced to the ferric state. In this research work, we analyzed the reduction of Cpd I by X-ray radiation damage during diffraction experiments in crystals of CAT-3, a Large-Size Subunit Catalase (LSC) from Neurospora crassa. A Multi-Crystal Data collection Strategy was applied in order to obtain the Cpd I structure at a resolution of 2.2 Å; this intermediate was highly sensitive to X-ray and was easily reduced at very low deposited radiation dose, causing breakage of the Fe=O bond. The comparison of the structures showed reduced intermediates and also evidenced the differential sensitivity per monomer. The resting ferric state was reduced to the ferrous state, an intermediate without a previous report in LSC. The chemically obtained Cpd I and the X-ray reduced intermediates were identified by UV-visible microspectrometry coupled to data collection. The differential sensitivity and the formation of a ferrous state are discussed, emphasizing the importance of the correct interpretation in the oxidation state of the iron heme.