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Piezo1 mediates neuron oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation injury via Ca2+/calpain signaling

Wang, Ying-Ying, Zhang, Hao, Ma, Tao, Lu, Yan, Xie, Hou-Yun, Wang, Wei, Ma, Yu-Heng, Li, Guan-Hua, Li, Yong-Wang
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2019 v.513 no.1 pp. 147-153
Western blotting, apoptosis, calcium, calpain, cell viability, cerebral cortex, cortex, fluorescent antibody technique, immunohistochemistry, ischemia, neurons, neurotoxicity, rats
We investigated whether Piezo1 could regulate oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation injury of neurons through Ca2+/calpain signaling.Piezo1 expression in rat brain cortex and PC12 cells were confirmed by immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence and Western blotting. The effects of Yoda1 and GsMTx4 on OGD/R-induced decrease in cell viability, increase in cell apoptosis and activation of downstreaming Ca2+/calpain signaling were investigated. Furthermore, calpain signaling was inhibited by PD151746 to see whether Ca2+/calpain signaling participated in the neurotoxic effects of Piezo1 activation.Piezo1 expression was increased in rat cerebral cortex after ischemia/reperfusion and in PC12 cells after OGD/R. Activation of Piezo1 by Yoda1 enhanced OGD/R-induced cell viability inhibition, apoptosis, increase intracellular calcium levels and enhanced calpain activity while GsMTx4 showed the opposite effects. The effects of Piezo1 activation on cell viability and apoptosis were reversed by PD151746.Piezo1 could regulate neuron oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation injury via activation of Ca2+/calpain signaling.