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High-glucose induces cardiac myocytes apoptosis through Foxo1 /GRK2 signaling pathway

Yang, Ming, Lin, Yanliang, Wang, Yuan, Wang, Yulin
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2019 v.513 no.1 pp. 154-158
apoptosis, autophagy, cardiomyocytes, glucose, luciferase, signal transduction
High glucose-induced cardiac myocytes apoptosis has been well demonstrated, but the mechanism remains unknown. In this study, we found that exposure of cardiac H9c2 cells to high glucose promoted Foxo1 and GRK2 expression, and induced autophagy. Further investigation showed that high glucose simultaneously increased the expression of cytoplasmic and nuclear Foxo1. Inhibition of Foxo1 reduced GRK2 expression and blocked autophagy, enhancing high glucose-induced apoptosis. GRK2 knockdown did not significantly affect Foxo1 expression and autophagy, but attenuated high glucose-induced apoptosis. Intriguingly, GRK2 knockdown reduced ROS generation. NAC treatment not only reduced the levels of cytoplasmic and nuclear Foxo1, but also inhibited GRK2 expression and autophagy, remarkably reducing high glucose-induced apoptosis. Inhibition of autophagy did not notably affect the expression of Foxo1 and GRK2, but enlarged high glucose-induced apoptosis. ChIP assay and Luciferase reporter assay confirmed that Foxo1 positively regulated GRK2 transcription. These results suggested that Foxo1 was involved in glucose-induced apoptosis by regulating GRK2 expression and autophagy.