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3D mesoporous reduced graphene oxide with remarkable supercapacitive performance
- Jha, Plawan Kumar, Gupta, Kriti, Debnath, Anil Krishna, Rana, Shammi, Sharma, Rajendrakumar, Ballav, Nirmalya
- Carbon 2019 v.148 pp. 354-360
- capacitance, chemical reduction, copper, electrolytes, energy, energy density, gels, graphene, graphene oxide, polymers, porous media
- Chemical reduction of graphene oxide (GO) to reduced graphene oxide (rGO) is an important process in view of the development of graphene-based supercapacitors on industrial level. We report an in situ chemical reduction of GO by copper(I) salt (CuCl) and isolation of semiconducting rGO material with three-dimensional (3D) mesoporous structure. Fabricated all-solid-state supercapacitors of our rGO exhibited specific capacitance and energy density values as high as 310 F/g at a current density of 1 A/g and 10 Wh/kg, respectively in an eco-friendly aqueous gel polymer electrolyte (GPE) system. Furthermore, increasing the mass loading of rGO boosted the areal capacitance to a record value of about 580 mF/cm2 at 1 mA/cm2 current density. More than 80% capacitance was retained beyond 100,000 continued charge-discharge (CD) cycles. Also, sustainability of our rGO supercapacitor over switching current densities in the CD cycles was excellent resembling the rate performance in battery-like energy storing devices. The use of organic electrolyte boosted the energy density of rGO to very high level of ∼22 Wh/kg.