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Calixarene and ionic liquid assisted matrix solid-phase dispersion microextraction of organic acids from fruit

Yang, Juan, Dong, Xin, Hu, Yu-Han, Wang, Qiu-Yan, Wang, Shu-Ling, Cao, Jun, Zhang, Hong-Hua
Journal of chromatography 2019 v.1602 pp. 150-159
Chaenomeles speciosa, adsorbents, aromatic hydrocarbons, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, detection limit, fruits, gallic acid, grinding, high performance liquid chromatography, ionic liquids, malic acid, microextraction, protocatechuic acid, solid phase extraction, tandem mass spectrometry, ultra-performance liquid chromatography
A rapid and effective method was successfully established for the extraction and determination of chlorogenic acid, protocatechuic acid, malic acid, caffeic acid and gallic acid in fruit (chaenomeles speciosa) via matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD) microextraction combined with ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS). Several major extraction parameters were investigated and optimized, such as the type of sorbent, the amount of sorbent, the grinding time, the type and concentration of the eluting solvent. The optimal extraction conditions were obtained by using 20 mg of calix[8]arene as dispersing adsorbent, selecting 60 s as the appropriate grinding time and applying 250 mM of 1-dodecyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide as eluent solvent. Moreover, the calibration curves of the analytes were in the range of 0.01–500 μg/mL with the determination coefficients (r2) higher than 0.9995. The limits of detection and limits of quantification were in the range of 0.202–1.056 ng/mL and 0.674–3.521 ng/mL, respectively. The recoveries of the target compounds at two spiked levels were between 82.19 and 113.36%. Furthermore, this method had acceptable reproducibility (RSD ≤ 3.84%). The proposed approach combined the advantages of MSPD microextraction with UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS, and could be applicable for the analysis organic acids in fruit.