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A pH-stable, crosslinked stationary phase based on the thiol-yne reaction
- Shields, Erin P., Weber, Stephen G.
- Journal of chromatography 2019 v.1598 pp. 132-140
- acidity, cation exchange capacity, chromatography, crosslinking, hydrogen bonding, hydrophobicity, models, pH, silane, silica, solutes, temperature, thiols
- Stationary phases that can withstand extremes of pH and temperature are needed to allow a single column to accommodate a wider set of solutes and separation criteria. We used a simple multi-step process using the thiol-yne reaction following the modification of the silica surface with a thiol-containing silane. The monomers 1,4-diethynylbenzene (DEB) and 1,6-hexanedithiol were used to create a crosslinked thiol-yne (CTY) stationary phase along the surface of the thiol functionalized silica. In the Tanaka test characterization, the CTY phase showed a low phase ratio, methylene selectivity typical of a reversed phase, and extremely high shape selectivity compared to commercial reversed phases. The hydrophobic subtraction model characterization showed a high positive steric resistance, a low hydrogen bond acidity, and a high cation-exchange capacity compared to most reversed phases. At pH 0.5 with an 85% aqueous mobile phase the phase showed no significant change over 114 h. With a 50% aqueous mobile phase the phase took four more days than a sterically protected C18 phase for the k’ to decline 25%. At pH 12.6, 50% aqueous mobile phase, a sterically protected C18 phase showed a 20% decrease in k’ and more than a 60% decrease in theoretical plates per meter in three hours. The CTY phase actually showed modest increases in k’ and theoretical plates per meter after three hours.