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The conserved cysteine residues in Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac protoxin are not essential for the bipyramidal crystal formation
- Li, Ran, Yang, Sisi, Qiu, Xianfeng, Lu, Xiuqing, Hu, Quanfang, Ren, Xiaomeng, Wu, Binbin, Qi, Lingling, Ding, Xuezhi, Xia, Liqiu, Sun, Yunjun
- Journal of invertebrate pathology 2019 v.163 pp. 82-85
- Bacillus thuringiensis, Plutella xylostella, bioassays, crystal proteins, cysteine, larvae, mutants, serine, toxicity
- To evaluate the function of conserved cysteine residues in Cry1Ac protoxin, we constructed a series of Cry1Ac mutants in which single or multiple cysteine residues were replaced with serine. It was found that cysteine substitution had little effect on the protoxin expression and bipyramidal crystal formation. Bioassays using Plutella xylostella larvae showed that two mutants with fourteen cysteine residues in the C-terminal half and all sixteen residues replaced had similar toxicity as wildtype Cry1Ac protoxin. Our study suggests that the conserved cysteine resudues in the Cry1Ac protoxin are not essential for deposition into a bipyramidal crystal even though the C-terminal half was directly involved in crystal formation.