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Interactive effect of crude glycerin concentration and C:N ratio on polyhydroxyalkanoates accumulation by mixed microbial cultures modelled with Response Surface Methodology

Author:
Pokój, Tomasz, Klimiuk, Ewa, Ciesielski, Sławomir
Source:
Water research 2019 v.156 pp. 434-444
ISSN:
0043-1354
Subject:
3-hydroxybutyric acid, ammonium nitrogen, biomass, carbon, carbon nitrogen ratio, chemical oxygen demand, culture media, glycerol, nitrogen, polyhydroxyalkanoates, response surface methodology
Abstract:
Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was used to investigate how the crude glycerin concentration and the carbon to nitrogen (C:N) ratio in the culture medium affect four indicators of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) accumulation by mixed microbial cultures (MMC): the observed coefficient of active-biomass yield (Yobs,BA), the observed coefficient of PHA yield (Yobs,PHA), the PHA content in biomass (XPHA) and the volumetric productivity (PrV). The C:N ratio had the largest effect on Yobs,BA and Yobs,PHA. When the C:N ratio was increased, Yobs,BA decreased and Yobs,PHA increased, regardless of the concentration of crude glycerin in the culture medium. The C:N ratio also had the largest effect on the PHA content, whereas volumetric productivity was strongly affected by both the C:N ratio and the crude glycerin concentration. The optimal conditions for PHA accumulation were a crude glycerin concentration of 8954 mg COD/L with a C:N ratio of 15.9 mg C/mg N-NH4, which gave a Yobs,BA of 0.29 mg CODBA/mg COD, a Yobs,PHA of 0.28 mg CODPHA/mg COD, a XPHA of 55.6% VSS and a PrV of 757.3 mg CODPHA/L⋅d (550.0 mg PHA/L⋅d). The accumulated PHAs consisted mainly of 3-hydroxybutyrate. By using RSM, it was possible to predict crude glycerin concentrations and C:N ratios not tested here that will allow desirable values of PHA content in biomass or PHA productivity, which can be useful for designing PHA production with MMC.
Agid:
6357984