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Sustainable synthesis and remarkable adsorption capacity of MOF/graphene oxide and MOF/CNT based hybrid nanocomposites for the removal of Bisphenol A from water

Ahsan, Md Ariful, Jabbari, Vahid, Islam, Md Tariqul, Turley, Reagan S., Dominguez, Noemi, Kim, Hoejin, Castro, Edison, Hernandez-Viezcas, Jose Angel, Curry, Michael L., Lopez, Jorge, Gardea-Torresdey, Jorge L., Noveron, Juan C.
The Science of the total environment 2019 v.673 pp. 306-317
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, absorbents, adsorption, bisphenol A, carbon nanotubes, crystal structure, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, graphene oxide, heat production, industrial wastewater, kinetics, models, nanocomposites, pollutants, remediation, scanning electron microscopy, sorption isotherms, thermogravimetry, transmission electron microscopy
A series of novel absorbents based on Cu-BDC MOFs decorated over graphene oxide (GrO) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) hybrid nanocomposites, namely Cu-BDC@GrO and Cu-BDC@CNT, are synthesized via a facile and one-pot green solvothermal method for water remediation. The nanocomposites were characterized by XRD, TEM, SEM, EDS, Raman, FTIR, TGA, XPS, Zetasizer and ICP-OES instruments. XRD results confirmed the high crystalline structure of the synthesized hybrid nanocomposites. Morphological analysis by SEM and TEM verified the successful decoration of nano-sized Cu-BDC MOFs over GrO and CNT platforms; whereas, EDS and XPS analysis confirmed the presence of all components in the hybrid nanocomposites. Bisphenol A was used in this study as a model organic pollutant that is sometimes present in the industrial wastewater to test the adsorption capacity of the prepared hybrid nanomaterials toward their removal from water. The hybrid nanomaterials showed remarkable adsorption capacity of 182.2 and 164.1 mg/g toward the removal of BPA, which was several times higher than that of 60.2 mg/g for Cu-BDC MOF itself. The Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and D-R isotherm models were applied to analyze the experimental data and the results revealed that the Freundlich model describes the experimental data best. A kinetic study was carried out and it showed that the prepared nanomaterials could remove maximum amount of BPA from water in 30 min. The pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order and intra-particle diffusion models were applied to evaluate the kinetic data and the results suggested that the kinetics data could be well fitted to the pseudo-second order kinetic model. Additionally, the BAP adsorption process onto the hybrid nanocomposites was spontaneous and exothermic. The π-π interactions between the BPA and hybrid nanomaterials played a vital role during the BPA adsorption process. The higher adsorption capacity and water stability makes them a good candidate for water remediation applications.