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Insulin plus zinc induces a favorable biochemical response effects on oxidative damage and dopamine levels in rat brain

Guzmán, David Calderón, Brizuela, Norma Osnaya, Herrera, Maribel Ortíz, Peraza, Armando Valenzuela, Juárez-Olguín, Hugo, Mejía, Gerardo Barragán
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.132 pp. 230-235
adenosinetriphosphatase, blood glucose, calcium, cerebellum, cortex, dopamine, enzyme activity, glucose, glutathione, hydrogen peroxide, insulin, laboratory animals, lipid peroxidation, medulla oblongata, oxidative stress, rats, zinc
The aim was to determine the effect of zinc (Zn) and insulin on oxidative stress and levels of dopamine in brain of rats. Wistar rats were treated either with zinc alone or combined with insulin during 10 days. After the last dose blood glucose was measured. Their brains were extracted to measure H2O2, Ca+2, Mg+2 ATPase, glutathione (GSH), lipid peroxidation (Tbars) and Dopamine. Zn does not possess anti-glycemic effect like Insulin however, it is noticeable that the combination of Insulin plus Zn induces a major glucose reduction (p < 0.0001) than Insulin alone. In cerebellum/medulla oblongata, the groups treated with Insulin and Zn show a significantly increase in dopamine (p < 0.005). Insulin plus Zn reduced GSH level in cortex. Insulin plus Zn reduced level of H2O2 in Striatum and in cerebellum/medulla oblongata. Lipid peroxidation was significantly reduced by the administration of Insulin as in the combination of Insulin and Zn in all regions (p < 0.0001). In cerebellum medulla oblongata, ATPase activity showed an increase only in the group treated with Insulin + Zn.These results suggest that the use of insulin plus Zn produce favorable changes on oxidative stress and this as consequence on the levels of dopamine.