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Determination and occurrence of phthalates, alkylphenols, bisphenol A, PBDEs, PCBs and PAHs in an industrial sewage grid discharging to a Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant

Sánchez-Avila, Juan, Bonet, Jordi, Velasco, Gemma, Lacorte, Silvia
Science of the total environment 2009 v.407 no.13 pp. 4157-4167
bisphenol A, effluents, municipal wastewater, phthalates, pipelines, polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, risk, sewage, urban areas, wastewater treatment
Industrial and urban discharges release organic contaminants which might affect the quality of receiving waters if not properly eliminated in Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTP). This study is aimed to evaluate the source, transport and fate of contaminants of industrial origin in a sewage grid discharging to a WWTP and finally to the sea. The sampling network covered an industrial and urban area and wastewaters, influents and effluents of a WWTP were analyzed using a newly developed multiresidual method to capture a wide range contaminants (phthalates, alkylphenols, bisphenol A, PBDEs, PCBs and PAHs). Alkylphenols and phthalates followed by PAHs were the main compounds detected at levels between 0.01 to 698 μg l⁻¹ in the sewage pipelines. At the WWTP influent they were detected at concentrations up to 345 μg l⁻¹. The contaminant load was eliminated in a 64-92% during the primary and secondary treatment of the plant. However, alkylphenols, phthalates bisphenol A and traces of PAHs were discharged with the effluent, producing a total net input of 825 g d⁻¹ to the sea. The study of wastewaters herein proposed can be used to better predict the loads into WWTP to improve treatment conditions according to specific sewage inputs and to assess the risks associated with the continuous discharge of contaminants to receiving plants.