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Initial vegetative growth and survival analysis for the assessment of Fusarium wilt resistance in Passiflora spp.

Pereira, Pedro Paulo Amorim, Lima, Lucas Kennedy Silva, Soares, Taliane Leila, Laranjeira, Francisco Ferraz, de Jesus, Onildo Nunes, Girardi, Eduardo Augusto
Crop protection 2019
Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium wilt, Passiflora alata, Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa, Passiflora nitida, backcrossing, hybrids, interspecific hybridization, planting, soil-borne diseases, vegetative growth, Brazil
In Brazil, diseases caused by soil-borne pathogens such as Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. passiflorae are major constraints to the yellow passion fruit crop. We report the use of the survival analysis technique to assess the resistance of Passiflora spp. to Fusarium wilt at field conditions in a coastal tableland region of Brazil. Fifty accessions were evaluated comprising the species Passiflora edulis, P. alata, P. gibertii, P. nitida, P. setacea and P. cincinnata, backcross [(P. edulis x P. cincinnata) x P. edulis] and three graft combinations of P. edulis onto P. nitida, P. gibertii or P. alata. Plant growth and Fusarium wilt incidence were evaluated using 30 plants of each accession in a completely randomized design. The highest growth speed index (GSI) were observed in P. cincinnata (BGP077) and P. edulis (BRS-GA) grafted onto P. gibertii (BGP008) with 12.04 and 11.96, respectively. Conversely, P. nitida (BGP390) had the lowest growth rate (4.10). Plants of P. gibertii, P. nitida and P. setacea did not present Fusarium wilt symptoms until 14 months after planting and presented the same median survival time with 340 days. Among P. edulis accessions, Fusarium wilt incidence varied within three reaction groups, with the highest median survival time to 162 days. P. alata and P. cincinnata plants had high Fusarium wilt incidence, similar to P. edulis, with 80% of symptomatic plants at 14 months after planting and median survival time of 106 days and 132 days, respectively. Interspecific backcross hybrids differed from accessions and intraspecific hybrids of P. edulis despite the similar median survival time among all of them (239–252 days). Grafting P. edulis onto wild species did not decrease Fusarium wilt incidence in relation to the most resistant group of P. edulis accessions.