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Potential use of electronic tongue coupled with chemometrics analysis for early detection of the spoilage of Zygosaccharomyces rouxii in apple juice

Wang, Huxuan, Sun, Hongmin
Food chemistry 2019 v.290 pp. 152-158
Zygosaccharomyces rouxii, apple juice, chemometrics, discriminant analysis, electronic tongue, food waste, least squares, spoilage, taste, yeasts
Apple juice spoilage by Zygosaccharomyces rouxii could scarcely be identified at early stage. It is crucial to recognize the spoilage at early stage to prevent waste of products. In present study, electronic tongue was applied to detect the spoilage of Z. rouxii in apple juice, using taste evaluation by panelists as reference. Combined with linear discriminant analysis, identification of the contaminated juice was fulfilled after 12 h, equivalent to yeast population of less than 2.0 lg colony forming units/mL. At the level, panelists were not capable of discerning the spoilage. Sensors HA, ZZ, BB and BA were relatively more sensitive to the changes in overall taste of apple juice. Moreover, cell number of Z. rouxii could be properly quantified by partial least squares regression models with high determination coefficient of 0.98–0.99. Electronic tongue appears to be a powerful approach to realize early detection of contamination of Z. rouxii.