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A mixed integer linear programming model for unit commitment of thermal plants with peak shaving operation aspect in regional power grid lack of flexible hydropower energy
- Feng, Zhong-kai, Niu, Wen-jing, Wang, Wen-chuan, Zhou, Jian-zhong, Cheng, Chun-tian
- Energy 2019 v.175 pp. 618-629
- electricity, linear programming, models, power generation, water power, China
- Recently, the booming electricity demand and intermittent energy has sharply increased the peak shaving pressure in China. However, for a majority of regional power grids in China, the installed capacity of flexible energy (like hydropower and pumped-storage) is small and the thermal plants are asked to respond the sudden load change at peak periods. The existing method based on specialist experience and historical information may generate inferior solutions and fail to reduce the peak pressure. Thus, a practical mixed integer linear programming (MILP) model is developed for unit commitment of thermal plants with peak shaving operation aspect in regional power grid lack of flexible hydropower energy, where the goal is chosen to minimize the peak-valley difference of the residual load series obtained by subtracting all the thermal generation from the original load curve while satisfying the necessary physical constraints. The MILP model is used to the thermal system in the China’s largest regional power grid, East China Power Grid. The simulations show that the MILP model can effectively smooth the residual load curve by gathering power generation of thermal plants at peak periods. Therefore, an alternative tool is provided to alleviate the peak pressure of thermal-dominant regional power grid in China.