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MRAP2 regulates endometrial receptivity and function

D'Aurora, Marco, Romani, Federica, Franchi, Sara, Diomede, Francesca, Merciaro, Ilaria, Impicciatore, Gianna Gabriella, Trubiani, Oriana, Stuppia, Liborio, Tiboni, Gian Mario, Gatta, Valentina
Gene 2019 v.703 pp. 7-12
Western blotting, biopsy, blastocyst, embryo implantation, endometrium, epithelial cells, epithelium, gene expression, genes, hypertrophy, immunohistochemistry, male sterility, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, women
A successful embryo implantation depends on the synchronization between a competent blastocyst and a receptive endometrium. Recently, potential modulators of endometrial receptivity (OVGP1, MRAP2, ZCCHC12, and HAP1) have been reported likely with a functional role during embryo implantation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the gene expression of these genes in the endometrium of infertile women.Eighteen endometrial biopsies, during secretory lutheal phase, were recruited from women with unexplained infertility and women who cannot conceive due to their partners' fertility problems. qRT-PCR was carried out to evaluate MRAP2, OVGP1, ZCCHC12 and HAP1 gene expression. MRAP2 expression was also detected by western blot and it was localized by immunohistochemistry. Morphological analysis was performed by light microscopy.MRAP2 was significantly up-regulated in study vs. control group. Western blot analysis confirmed the observed MRAP2 up-expression. MRAP2 resulted mainly localized in the epithelial cells of uterine glands. Morphological analysis displayed that the epithelium of the uterine glands undergo hypertrophy in women with unexplained infertility in respect to women with male infertility factor.MRAP2 could be considered a mediator of endometrial receptivity likely acting on endometrial stability by binding to MCRs and PKR1.