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A novel neutral and thermophilic endoxylanase from Streptomyces ipomoeae efficiently produced xylobiose from agricultural and forestry residues

Xian, Liang, Li, Zhong, Tang, Ai-Xing, Qin, Yi-Min, Li, Qing-Yun, Liu, Hai-Bo, Liu, You-Yan
Bioresource technology 2019 v.285 pp. 121293
Cunninghamia lanceolata, Escherichia coli, Phyllostachys edulis, Streptomyces ipomoeae, cassava, corn cobs, endo-1,4-beta-xylanase, genes, industry, pH, prebiotics, temperature, xylan
Endoxylanases capable of producing high ratios of xylobiose from agricultural and forestry residues in neutral and high temperature conditions are attractive for the prebiotic and alternative sweetener industries. In this study, a putative glycosyl hydrolase gene from Streptomyces ipomoeae was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant enzyme, named as SipoEnXyn10A, hydrolyzed beechwood xylan in endo-action mode releasing xylobiose as its main end product. It was most active at pH 6.5 and 75–80 °C and showed remarkable stability at 65 °C. The xylobiose yield from 10 g corncob and moso bamboo reached 1.123 ± 0.021 and 0.229 ± 0.005 g, respectively, at pH 6.5 and 70 °C, whichwas higher than other reports using the same material. Moreover, high ratios of xylobiose in the xylose-based product of about 85% were obtained from corncob, moso bamboo sawdust, cassava stem and Chinese fir sawdust. These results demonstrated that SipoEnXyn10A has potential for industrial application.