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Effect of the method of falling water aeration-reflux on nitrogen removal and applicability in a novel upflow microaerobic sludge reactor treating low carbon-to-nitrogen ratio wastewater

Zhang, Xiao, Zhao, Bowei, Yue, Xiuping, Li, Fusheng, Kong, Xin, Ma, Xiao, Li, Hui
Bioresource technology 2019 v.285 pp. 121304
aeration, ammonium, ammonium nitrogen, anaerobic ammonium oxidation, bacteria, carbon, carbon nitrogen ratio, chemical oxygen demand, denitrifying microorganisms, dissolved oxygen, microbial communities, nitrate nitrogen, nitrites, nitrogen, oxidation, pollution control, sludge, total nitrogen, wastewater
A novel falling water aeration-external reflux upflow microaerobic sludge reactor (UMSR) was designed to treat wastewater with the low chemical oxygen demand (COD) to total nitrogen (TN) ratio. The result showed the concentration of dissolved oxygen (DO) in the reactor could be accurately controlled by adjusting the reflux ratio of oxygenated water. The higher aeration efficiency in pollutant removal could be obtained by the reoxygenation mode of the small height falling water. At the reflux ratio of 5:1, the ammonium, nitrite and nitrate nitrogen concentrations in the effluent of UMSR were 6.0, 0.4 and 6.1 mg/L on average, respectively. The removal efficiency of ammonium nitrogen and total nitrogen reached 90.53% and 80.77%, respectively with the influent COD/TN as being 1.0. The structure of the microbial community confirmed the existence of partial-denitrification/anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) bacteria, autotrophic and heterotrophic denitrifiers contributed to nitrogen and carbon removal in UMSR.