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Linking stakeholder perspectives for environmental policy development and implementation in Ghana’s gold mining sector: Insights from a Q-methodology study
- Tuokuu, Francis Xavier Dery, Idemudia, Uwafiokun, Gruber, James S., Kayira, Jean
- Environmental science & policy 2019 v.97 pp. 106-115
- developing countries, environmental degradation, environmental policy, factor analysis, gold, human rights, mining, politics, socioeconomic development, stakeholders, Ghana
- Gold mining might have contributed to socio-economic development in Ghana, but it has also exacerbated incidences of environmental degradation and fostered associated human rights violations within local communities. As a result, the government of Ghana has sought to address the incidences of environmental degradation related to mining by formulating and implementing a wide range of environmental policies. However, the extent to which these environmental policies have been effective remains debatable. This problem has been attributed to the fact that the views of critical stakeholders were either neglected or received inadequate attention in the design and implementation of environmental policies. Consequently, drawing on empirical evidence from fieldwork in Ghana, and based on Q-methodology, this paper seeks to understand areas of agreements and disagreements among critical stakeholders as a way to improve environmental policy development and implementation. The paper identifies the politics of blaming, regulatory disjuncture and stakeholder expectation dissonance as areas of disagreements within stakeholder views that might also explain the ineffectiveness of environmental policy development and implementation within Ghana’s gold mining industry. Similarly, based on the Q-sort factor analysis, the paper synthesizes three perspectives that critical stakeholders believe, if adhered to, could enhance the effectiveness of environmental policies within Ghana’s gold mining sector. The paper concludes by considering the implications of its findings for environmental policy development and implementation in developing countries.