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Phase-Change Solvents and Processes for Postcombustion CO₂ Capture: A Detailed Review

Papadopoulos, Athanasios I., Tzirakis, Fragkiskos, Tsivintzelis, Ioannis, Seferlis, Panos
Industrial & engineering chemistry process design and development 2019 v.58 no.13 pp. 5088-5111
carbon dioxide, energy, industry, models, process design, solvents, thermodynamics
This work reviews research activities in the development of phase-change CO₂ capture solvents and processes. The focus is on liquid–liquid phase-change solvents in which the CO₂-lean phase can be recycled to the absorber prior to regeneration hence the energy demands may be substantially decreased compared to nonphase change processes. The review briefly provides the basic chemical and physical principles required to understand the phase-change behavior in postcombustion CO₂ capture systems. The reviewed work is further organized per different solvent type into major sections including experimental property measurement studies, experimental pilot plant studies, thermodynamic and kinetic modeling studies, as well as process modeling and technoeconomic assessment studies. In all sections we provide details regarding experimental approaches, operating conditions of pilot plants, implementations in different industries, and performance data. Key findings include operating observations and performance indicators regarding the investigated solvents and processes as well as a substantiated estimation of their technology readiness level.