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Facile Preparation of Dual-Shell Novel Covalent–Organic Framework Functionalized Magnetic Nanospheres Used for the Simultaneous Determination of Fourteen Trace Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines in Nonsmokers and Smokers of Cigarettes with Different Tar Yields Based on UPLC-MS/MS

Zhang, Wenfen, Lan, Chen, Zhang, Huimin, Zhang, Yanhao, Zhang, Wenjing, Zhao, Wuduo, Johnson, Connor, Hu, Kai, Xie, Fuwei, Zhang, Shusheng
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2019 v.67 no.13 pp. 3733-3743
acetonitrile, adsorption, aromatic amines, body fluids, cigarettes, electricity, heterocyclic compounds, hydrogen bonding, ion exchange, magnetism, nanospheres, solid phase extraction, sorbents, spectrometers, tandem mass spectrometry, ultra-performance liquid chromatography, urine
The facile preparation, characterization, and application of novel dual-shell TpBD (a kind of covalent–organic framework) coated magnetic nanospheres as sorbents for simple, fast, and high selectivity capture of 14 heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAAs) are reported. Quantum chemistry theory calculations were conducted to directly and quantifiably describe the multiple interactions, including π–π, hydrogen bonding, cation−π, static electricity, and ion-exchange, between TpBD and heterocyclic aromatic amines. The excellent adsorption capacity of TpBD coated magnetic nanospheres was further evaluated by extraction of 14 HAAs from nonsmokers’ and smokers’ urine samples. Under the optimized conditions, the magnetic solid phase extraction process can be completed with high recovery ranging from 95.4% to 129.3%. After being washed with acetonitrile and water successively, the collected sorbents can be easily recycled and reused five times without any significant difference in performance. Coupled with the ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometer detection, the exposure level of HAAs in nonsmokers and smokers smoking cigarettes with different tar yields were successfully explored. And, this implied that the robust method based on the versatile TpBD coated dual-shell magnetic nanospheres sorbents represents a great potential application in the analysis of disease markers and body fluids.