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Facile Fabrication of an Amentoflavone-Loaded Micelle System for Oral Delivery To Improve Bioavailability and Hypoglycemic Effects in KKAy Mice

Zhang, Junxia, Zhou, Jichun, Zhang, Tingting, Niu, Zhenxi, Wang, Juan, Guo, Jiaomei, Li, Zhenguo, Zhang, Zhenzhong
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2019 v.11 no.13 pp. 12904-12913
animal models, bioavailability, blood lipids, diabetes mellitus, drugs, glycemic effect, inflammation, insulin resistance, mice, micelles, oral administration, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, polymers, signal transduction
In order to increase the oral bioavailability and antidiabetic effect of amentoflavone with multimechanisms, an oral micelle system was developed by using a N-vinyl pyrrolidone-maleate-guerbet alcohol monoester polymer for the first time, which was designated as P(NVP-MGAM)/AF. After oral administration, P(NVP-MGAM)/AF enhanced the oral bioavailability of amentoflavone, which was approximately 3.2 times that of amentoflavone solution. The animal study using the KKAy insulin-resistant diabetes mouse model indicated that it regulates the expression and activity of downstream signaling factors and proteins by lowering blood lipids, reducing inflammatory responses and activating the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) γ signaling pathway and PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. After being made into micelles, it is more effective because of its better absorbability and bioavailability. The results from this study provide a theoretical basis for the clinical application of amentoflavone for diabetes treatment. The oral micelles of P(NVP-MGAM)/AF may become one of the most potent drugs in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, which opens up a new way for the prevention and treatment of diabetes.