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Improvement of the Production and Characterisation of Polyhydroxyalkanoate by Bacillus endophyticus Using Inexpensive Carbon Feedstock

Geethu, M., Vrundha, R., Raja, S., Raghu Chandrashekar, H., Divyashree, M. S.
Journal of polymers and the environment 2019 v.27 no.5 pp. 917-928
Bacillus endophyticus, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, agitation, bioreactors, carbon, culture flasks, experimental design, feedstocks, molasses, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, nutrients, polyhydroxyalkanoates, statistical models, sucrose, sugarcane
The study aimed at the production and characterization of biopolymer polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) by Bacillus endophyticus. The usage of refined (sucrose 2–4%) and inexpensive unrefined (sugar cane molasses 2–4%) carbon source was evaluated by varying the media components via shake flask method and batch cultivation in bioreactor. The optimal PHA production of 10.7 g/L of PHA from 15.37 g/L of cell density was obtained using 4% sugarcane molasses (SCM) at 250 rpm using optimized medium obtained through statistical experimental design. Batch cultivation with increased agitation rate and addition of feeding nutrients provided by SCM significantly lead to enhanced PHA production by the test organism by increasing the overall cell density. According to the statistical model, the increase in the sugar concentration (> 4%) by SCM had a negative effect on PHA production. Characterization by FTIR and ¹H NMR was performed to confirm the biopolymer that has been produced by Bacillus spp.