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Adsorption studies of 17β-estradiol from aqueous solution using a novel stabilized Fe–Mn binary oxide nanocomposite

Dai, Ming-yang, Liu, Yun-guo, Zeng, Guang-ming, Liu, Shao-bo, Ning, Qi-meng
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.8 pp. 7614-7626
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, adsorbents, adsorption, anions, aqueous solutions, carbon nanotubes, estradiol, hydrogen bonding, nanocomposites, pH, phosphates, porous media, scanning electron microscopy, sorption isotherms, stabilizers, temperature, thermodynamics, transmission electron microscopy, water pollution
The removal of 17β-estradiol (E2) from contaminated water on nanoscale Fe–Mn binary oxide-loaded multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs/FMBO) was evaluated in this work. The characterizations of the mesoporous adsorbent were analyzed by using SEM, TEM, VSM, XRD, XPS, and FTIR measurements. The effects of experimental conditions in E2 removal, including stabilizer additional level, adsorption time, initial E2 concentration, solution pH, reaction temperature, and foreign ions, were examined. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacity (qₘ) of MWCNTs/FMBO for E2 in the experiment was 47.25 mg/g as verified by the Langmuir sorption isotherm study. The adsorption process was pH-sensitive with an optimum pH of 7.0. On the kinetics study, the adsorption data could be satisfactorily fitted by the pseudo-second-order kinetics. Thermodynamic parameters indicated that the adsorption process was spontaneous and exothermal. In addition, the foreign ions did not show any noticeable inhibition for E2 removal from the water solution except for PO₄³⁻ that was adversely affected for E2 uptake than other anions in a certain concentration. The adsorption capacities of the mesoporous adsorbent remained at 86.16% even after five adsorption–desorption cycles without significant loss of capacity, which demonstrated the stability and reusability for further removal of E2. Moreover, both hydrogen bond and π–π interaction might be the dominating adsorption mechanisms for E2 adsorption onto MWCNTs/FMBO.