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A new marine sediment certified reference material (CRM) for the determination of persistent organic contaminants: IAEA-459
- Tolosa, Imma, Cassi, Roberto, Huertas, David
- Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.8 pp. 7347-7355
- analytical methods, certification, data collection, environmental monitoring, estuaries, guidelines, marine sediments, pesticides, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, rivers, uncertainty, South Korea
- A new marine sediment certified reference material (IAEA 459) with very low concentrations (μg kg⁻¹) for a variety of persistent organic contaminants (POPs) listed by the Stockholm Convention, as well as other POPs and priority substances (PSs) listed in many environmental monitoring programs was developed by the IAEA. The sediment material was collected from the Ham River estuary in South Korea, and the assigned final values were derived from robust statistics on the results provided by selected laboratories which demonstrated technical and quality competence, following the guidance given in ISO Guide 35. The robust mean of the laboratory means was assigned as certified values, for those compounds where the assigned value was derived from at least five datasets and its relative expanded uncertainty was less than 40% of the assigned value (most of the values ranging from 8 to 20%). All the datasets were derived from at least two different analytical techniques which have allowed the assignment of certified concentrations for 22 polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners, 6 organochlorinated (OC) pesticides, 5 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and 18 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs). Mass fractions of compounds that did not fulfill the criteria of certification are considered information values, which include 29 PAHs, 11 PCBs, 16 OC pesticides, and 5 PBDEs. The extensive characterization and associated uncertainties at concentration levels close to the marine sediment quality guidelines will make CRM 459 a valuable matrix reference material for use in marine environmental monitoring programs.