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Long-term spatiotemporal variations of atmospheric sulfur, nitrogen and particle pollutants in Chongqing, southwest China: implication of industrial transfer

Peng, Ying, Cui, Jian, Zhu, Hongyun, Cao, Youhui, Du, Ke, Yao, Dongrui
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.8 pp. 8098-8110
aerodynamics, air quality, ammonia, ammonium, economic regions, environmental impact, industry, monitoring, nitrates, nitrogen, nitrogen dioxide, particulates, pollutants, pollution, spatial variation, sulfates, sulfur, sulfur dioxide, temporal variation, urban areas, China
Industrial transfer has swept through in China. However, there is still a knowledge gap about its environmental effects. In this study, industrial transfer status was assessed and evaluated by industrial ratios (%; the gross product contributions of the secondary industry to the whole industry) and the impact of such transfer on atmospheric environment (SO₂, NO₂, PM₁₀ (particles with aerodynamic diameter less than 10 μm), precipitations of SO₄²⁻, NO₃⁻, and NH₄⁺) in the 38 districts and counties in Chongqing was analyzed and discussed for the period of 2006–2015. Results showed that industries were transferred obviously from the main urban region (MUR) into the 1-h economic region (OHER). Atmospheric sulfur and PM₁₀ were efficiently put in control, but atmospheric nitrogen (NO₂; precipitations of NO₃⁻ and NH₄⁺) was increasing and posted a potential threat to air quality especially during 2011–2015. Correlations showed that industrial ratios had significantly positive relationships with concentrations of ambient SO₂ and PM₁₀ in the MUR and ambient NO₂ in the OHER (p < 0.05) while a remarkably negative one with concentrations of ambient SO₂ in the OHER (p < 0.05) during 2006–2015, implying that industrial transfer could be effective in transferring sulfur pollution but not as efficient in transferring atmospheric nitrogen and PM₁₀ pollutions as SO₂ between in the MUR and OHER. More measures should be taken to reduce nitrogen and PM₁₀ emission and a regional monitoring network of ambient NH₃ is in urgent need.