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Oriented Immobilization of Anti-Pneumolysin Tagged Recombinant Antibody Fragments

del Mar Garcia-Suarez, Maria, Villaverde, Roberto, Gonzalez-Rodriguez, Irene, Vazquez, Fernando, Mendez, Francisco J.
Current microbiology 2009 v.59 no.1 pp. 81-87
antigens, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, histidine, recombinant antibodies
Recombinant antibodies such as Fab and scFv are monovalent and small in size, although their functional affinity can be improved through tag-specific immobilization. In order to find the optimum candidate for oriented immobilization, we generated Fab and scFv fragments derived from an anti-pneumolysin monoclonal antibody PLY-7, with histidine and cysteine residues added in diverse arrangements. Tagged antibody fragments scFv-Cys7-His6, His6-scFv-Cys7, and Fab-Cys7 lost considerable affinity for the antigen; however, Fab-His6, Fab-Cys1, and scFv-His6-Cys1 were able to detect immobilized antigen, revealing that the position and number of histidine and cysteine residues are involved differently in the reactivity of antibody fragments. Random and orientated immobilizations were carried out using conventional polystyrene and commercial surface-pretreated ELISA plates. The best orientation performance was obtained with Fab-Cys1-biotin on streptavidin-coated plates with increased signal levels of 62%, while oriented immobilization of Fab-His6 and scFv-His6-Cys1 on nickel- and maleimide-coated plates failed to improve the ELISA sensitivity.