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Thermal energy storage and thermodynamic properties of (E)-3-m-tolylbut-2-enoic acid as a medium temperature phase change material

Zeng, Ju-Lan, Zhang, Yu-Xiang, Xie, Ting, Shu, Li, Jiang, Liu-Mo, Li, Kun-Yu, Wang, Shao-Fen, Sun, Li-Xian
International journal of green energy 2019 v.16 no.6 pp. 468-475
absorption, cooling, crystallization, differential scanning calorimetry, enthalpy, heat, melting, supercooling, temperature, thermal energy, thermal stability
Phase change materials (PCMs) that can store and release heat energy over the temperature range from 363 to 393 K are crucial for solar absorption cooling, and it is worthy to seek new solid-liquid PCMs candidates that melt and crystallize in this temperature range. In this paper, (E)-3-m-tolylbut-2-enoic acid (mTBEA) was applied as a PCM candidate. Its thermal energy storage properties and thermal stability were systematically investigated. The results showed that mTBEA melted at 382.9 ± 0.5 K and crystallized at about 364 K, with a melting enthalpy (ΔfᵤₛH) of 138.4 ± 6.9 J g⁻¹ and showed good long-term cyclic stability and thermal stability. The supercooling of mTBEA was stabilized at about 20 K, indicating that the conservation condition of melted mTBEA could be simple. In addition, the melted mTBEA could release all the absorbed thermal energy upon crystallizing. Besides, mTBEA exhibited good thermal stability for it to be applied as PCM. Hence, mTBEA is a promising PCM candidate for solar absorption cooling. Furthermore, the heat capacity of mTBEA was measured by modulated temperature differential scanning calorimetry (MTDSC) over the temperature range from 198.15 to 431.15 K, and the molar thermodynamic functions, [HT-H₂₉₈.₁₅]ₘ and [ST-S₂₉₈.₁₅]ₘ, were calculated based on the fitted molar heat capacity data.