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Vanadyl β-tetrabromoporphyrin: synthesis, crystal structure and its use as an efficient and selective catalyst for olefin epoxidation in aqueous medium

Dar, Tawseef Ahmad, Tomar, Reshu, Mian, Rasel Mohammad, Sankar, Muniappan, Maurya, Mannar Ram
RSC advances 2019 v.9 no.18 pp. 10405-10413
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, catalysts, catalytic activity, crystal structure, electrochemistry, electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, epoxidation reactions, matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization mass spectrometry, porphyrins, temperature, vanadyl ions
We hereby report the synthesis, characterization and catalytic applications in the epoxidation of alkenes by a vanadyl porphyrin having bulky bromo substituents at the β-positions viz. vanandyltetrabromotetraphenylporphyrin (1). The synthesized porphyrin was characterized by various spectroscopic techniques like UV-visible, FT-IR, EPR, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and single crystal X-ray analysis. Porphyrin 1 has a nonplanar structure as indicated by its X-ray structure, DFT and electrochemical studies. 1 was analyzed for its catalytic application in the epoxidation of various alkenes. The catalytic reactions were carried out in CH₃CN/H₂O mixture in 3 : 1 (v/v) ratio. 1 displayed good efficiency in terms of mild reaction conditions, lower reaction temperature and minimal catalyst amount consumption. 1 exhibited excellent selectivity, high conversion efficiency and huge TOF (7600–9800 h⁻¹) in a significantly low reaction time of 0.5 h. Catalyst 1 was regenerated at the end of various catalytic cycles making it reusable and industrially important.