Main content area

The impact of stubble crop on spring barley weed infestation

Wrzesińska, Eleonora, Komorowska, Anna, Nurkiewicz, Grażyna
Acta agrobotanica 2016 v.69 no.3 pp. aa.1674
Chenopodium album, Fallopia convolvulus, Helianthus annuus, Phacelia, Sinapis alba subsp. alba, cover crops, dominant species, field experimentation, mulching, rye, soil, spring barley, stubble, weeds
The condition and degree of weed infestation were determined in a spring barely crop grown in a short-term monoculture after mulching the soil with plants grown as a stubble crop (the control treatment without cover crop – lacy phacelia, white mustard, sunflower). The field experiment was carried out in 2010–2013 on good rye soil complex using a split-block design in four replications. The obtained results (the mean from all years of the experiment) showed that the stubble crop, especially sunflower, reduced the diversity of weed species without causing at the same time changes in weed species dominance. In all the control treatments of the experiment, Chenopodium album and Fallopia convolvulus were the dominant species. The degree of spring barley weed infestation depended on the species grown in the cover crop. White mustard and lacy phacelia slightly increased the number of weeds but their fresh matter significantly increased. However, the sunflower cover crop significantly increased the number of weeds without any substantial differentiation of their fresh mass.