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Characteristics of spring wheat genotypes exhibiting high resistance to FHB in terms of their resistance to other fungal diseases

Kurasiak-Popowska, Danuta, Nawracała, Jerzy, Kosiada, Tomasz, Sawinska, Zuzanna, Tomkowiak, Agnieszka, Weigt, Dorota, Mikołajczyk, Sylwia
Acta agrobotanica 2016 v.69 no.3 pp. aa.1658
Fusarium, Fusarium head blight, Mycosphaerella graminicola, Puccinia recondita, Septoria, climatic factors, disease resistance, field experimentation, genes, genotype, leaf blotch, leaf rust, powdery mildew, spring wheat, Poland, United States
The field experiment was carried out in 2010–2012 at the Dłoń Agricultural Research Station, the Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland. The study was designed to evaluate the degree of infection by powdery mildew, brown rust, and septoria leaf blotch in 61 spring wheat genotypes differing in their resistance to Fusarium ssp.The vast majority of spring wheat genotypes in the collection of gene resources in the USA defined as resistant to Fusarium ssp. confirmed their resistance under Polish climatic conditions. The B .graminis infection rate of genotypes that are considered to be resistant to Fusarium head blight was high. The resistance ranged from 7 for Sumai 3 (PL2) up to 8.8 for Ning 8331 (in a 9-point scale). Most of the genotypes (56.5%) were infected by Puccinia recondita at a level of 1–3 (in a 9-point scale). The genotypes of Sumai 3 exhibited high resistance to septoria leaf blotch, amounting to 1–2 in a 9-point scale; the resistance of Frontana ranged from 1 to 3.5, while the genotypes of Ning were infected by Mycosphaerella graminicola at 5–6.