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Fibrous microcrystalline cellulose from Ficus natalensis barkcloth
- Mugaanire, Innocent Tendo, Wang, Hua, Sun, Junfen
- European journal of wood and wood products 2019 v.77 no.3 pp. 483-486
- Ficus natalensis, acid hydrolysis, bark, biocomposites, cellulose, crystal structure, temperature, thermal degradation, thermal stability
- In this study, microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) at an overall yield of 30.9% was prepared from Ficus natalensis bark cloth via acid hydrolysis. MCC exhibited a high crystallinity index of 75.8% and an initial thermal degradation temperature of 314.6 °C. Morphological studies revealed fibrous rod-like particles of MCC with somewhat rough surfaces whose average length and diameter were approximately 90 ± 25 μm and 17.08 ± 3.3 μm, respectively. Thus, the thermally stable fibrous MCC prepared from this study expands the scope of applications for the barkcloth as fillers in biocomposites.